Well staying on the subject of famous sisters, today I read about Katherine and Marjorie Stinson. Have you heard of these aviator pioneers?
Katherine, the eldest was born in 1891, and had plans to study music in Europe and when she heard about stunt flying she determined that this was the way she could fund this ambition. Barnstorming was a very dangerous occupation early in the 20th Century, but the best barnstormers could earn a thousand dollars in a good day provided they didn’t kill themselves.
By 1912 she’d located flying pioneer, Max Lillie and asked him to teach her to fly. His response was – no way. But she persuaded him to take her for a ride and finally convinced him to teach her.
Katherine at 21 became the only the fourth American woman to hold a pilot’s licence. Next she took up exhibition flying billing herself as The Flying Schoolgirl. Even though she was in reality 21 she looked to be about 16. Katherine was the first woman to become an airmail pilot and the first to fly a loop. She flew in exhibitions not only in the US but was the first woman to fly inn China and Japan. She was the first woman to fly the mail.
By this time she had given up dreams of being a concert pianist and instead considered herself a pilot. In this is closely linked to Jean Batten the NZ woman aviator who too gave up her desire to be a concert pianist to become a flyer.
Katherine‘s younger sister Marjorie, born in 1895 followed her example and also learned to fly. She was the ninth American woman to hold a pilot’s licence.
Katherine and her mother formed the Stinson Aviation Company and after both her sister Marjorie and her brother gained their licenses the family moved to San Antonio and set up a flying school. The school had to be closed when the US joined WWI the military banned civilian flying and the school had to be closed.
In 1915, Marjorie became the only woman in the U.S. Aviation Reserve Corps. Then in 1916 she began training cadets from the Royal Canadian Flying Corps for service in WWI. Her teaching methods earned her the nickname, “The Flying Schoolmarm.”
Katherine tried to enlist as a pilot in the air force but without success and she eventually went to France as an ambulance driver.
After the war, Katherine went back to flying airmail for a short time, but she contracted tuberculosis and had to give it up. She married a former WWI pilot and they both did a little more flying but, in 1930, they both decided to quit.
She became a draftsman for the Army and studied architecture. She won prizes for her designs and she lived to the age of 86.
And Marjorie took to barnstorming around the country performing at county fairs and airports. She retired from flying in 1928 she became a draftsman for the U.S. Navy’s Aeronautical Division. She retired from her job in 1945 and devoted the rest of her life to researching the history of aviation. She died in 1975 at the age of 80.
So two sisters who were very active in flying in the early days and of whom we have heard very little. The Stinson Award was created in 1997 by the National Aviation Club (now part of NAA) to honor the accomplishments of these two pioneering women.
Read more about these and other notable women aviators at Women in Aviation
Note – photos via Wikipedia.
When sisters stand shoulder to shoulder,
who stands a chance against us?
- Canadian Warbirds of the Biplane Era-Trainers, Transports and Utility Aircraft by Harold A. Skaarup (crufc.ca)